??如果你使用 AlphaSSL 证书,请勿相信网上其他开启OCSP教程,会把你坑死

近日,想为本站开启 nginx OCSP Stapling,通过谷歌搜索各种教程后,挺复杂的,又要使用 openssl 验证这个,生成那个的,最后发现这一切都被 “骗了”,经过一番误打误撞,最后成功开启,废话不多说,开始。

创建 AlphaSSL 完整 OCSP 证书链

证书关系:

域名证书
↓
中间证书(CA 证书)
↓
根证书(root 证书)

我们需要把“ 域名证书 - 中间证书 - 根证书 ”按顺序写入到 ocsp.crt 证书文件内。

AlphaSSL CA 证书 & root 证书获取地址:https://www.alphassl.com/support/install-root-certificate.html

下面文本已经填写 中间证书 与 根证书,只需粘贴自己域名证书内容到前面保存文件即可使用。

文件路径(可以自定义)/etc/ssl/ocsp.crt

-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
 # 这里粘贴你的 AlphaSSL 域名证书内容(即 AlphaSSL 给你下发到邮件中的域名证书内容)
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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 
-----END CERTIFICATE-----
-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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-----END CERTIFICATE-----

添加 nginx 配置

在站点配置文件 server { } ssl 段内添加以下内容

  # OCSP stapling
  ssl_stapling on;
  ssl_stapling_verify on;
  ssl_trusted_certificate /etc/ssl/ocsp.crt; # 该路径为 ocsp 证书路径,以上面创建的文件路径为准

重启 nginx 服务

systemctl restart nginx

验证结果

通过 MySSL.com 验证域名,并显示如下结果则成功!

总结

? OCSP 证书 = 完整证书链

最后修改:2020 年 08 月 07 日 02 : 22 PM
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